Why was Alexandria destroyed?

Ammianus Marcellinus thought that it happened when the city was sacked under Caesar, and Caesar himself reported the burning of Alexandria as an accidental consequence of his war against his great rival Pompey, in 48–47 BCE.

Who burned the Library of Alexandria the second time?

According to reports, Mark Antony gave Cleopatra 200,000 scrolls for the library well after Caesar’s attack. The second, more famous, burning of the library came at the hands of Theophilus who was Patriarch of Alexandria from 385 to 412 CE.

What really happened to the Library of Alexandria?

The Library, or part of its collection, was accidentally burned by Julius Caesar during his civil war in 48 BC, but it is unclear how much was actually destroyed and it seems to have either survived or been rebuilt shortly thereafter; the geographer Strabo mentions having visited the Mouseion in around 20 BC and the

What was lost in the fire of Alexandria?

The loss of the library was so devastating that no one bothered to definitively record when it was destroyed and Alexandria was only able to remain one of the premier intellectual hotbeds of the Mediterranean world for the next 700 years. This is probably the best answer for this I have ever seen.

How many times was the library of Alexandria burned?

8) The ancient library of Alexandria was destroyed on two different occasions. The original library branch was located at the royal palace at Alexandria, near the harbor. When Julius Caesar intervened in the civil war between Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII, Caesar set fire to the ships in the harbor.

How far back did the burning of the library of Alexandria set humanity?

Once the largest library in the ancient world, and containing works by the greatest thinkers and writers of antiquity, including Homer, Plato, Socrates and many more, the Library of Alexandria, northern Egypt, is popularly believed to have been destroyed in a huge fire around 2000 years ago and its volumous works lost.

What information was lost in the Library of Alexandria?

For example, almost all writings of Hipparchus, “the father of astronomy” are lost. We know about them from the account of C. Ptolemy who lived 3 centuries later. Nothing survives of the work of Seleucus of Seleucia, who was Hipparchus contemporary. Ptolemy does not mention him, probably because he was a heliocentrist.

Who set fire to the library of Alexandria?

The first person blamed for the destruction of the Library is none other than Julius Caesar himself. In 48 BC, Caesar was pursuing Pompey into Egypt when he was suddenly cut off by an Egyptian fleet at Alexandria. Greatly outnumbered and in enemy territory, Caesar ordered the ships in the harbor to be set on fire.

Does the city of Alexandria still exist?

The city extends about 40 km (25 mi) at the northern coast of Egypt along the Mediterranean Sea. Alexandria is a popular tourist destination, and also an important industrial centre because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez.

What was Alexandria Egypt called before?

Historians generally agree that Rhakotis, or Râ-Kedet, was a settlement established before the fourth century B.C. in the area subsequently developed as Alexandria.

Is Alexandria beautiful?

This beautiful city on the Mediterranean simply resonates with the richness of its history and culture, and Egypt’s second largest city maintains an atmospheric juxtaposition between old and new.

Is Alexandria Egypt safe?

Alexandria is somewhat safe and although there is some crime in this city, it’s mostly petty crime and rarely violent. Pickpockets are a problem in Egypt’s major cities, like Alexandria. When it comes to violent crime, it is rare, and you shouldn’t worry too much about being mugged or robbed.

Why is Egypt so dangerous?

Why it’s so dangerous: This country topped the Trip by Skyscanner list of dangerous places, and the U.S. Department of State has issued a stern warning to travelers about going to Egypt: “A number of terrorist groups, including ISIS, have committed multiple deadly attacks in Egypt, targeting government officials and

Is Alexandria in Egypt worth visiting?

Alexandria is definitely worthy a taking a day away from Cairo and from my recent trip, Alexandria was a breath of fresh fair after spending 3 days in Cairo. If you do visit Alexandria, make sure to go the hidden restaurant across the street from Library; it’s hidden along the water, behind massive modern sculptures.

Can you drink alcohol in Egypt?

Egypt prohibits the sale and consumption of alcohol in public places or shops, with the exception of hotels and tourist facilities approved by the Minister of Tourism. Beer is the alcohol of choice in Egypt, amounting to 54 percent of local alcohol consumption.

How long is the train ride from Cairo to Alexandria?

Yes, there is a direct train departing from Cairo and arriving at Alexandria. Services depart hourly, and operate every day. The journey takes approximately 4h 50m.

Why is Alexandria famous?

Alexandria was an important city of the ancient world. For more than two thousand years, it was the largest city in Egypt and was its capital for almost half of that time. It was once the center of the Hellenistic Empire, and the hub of scholarship and commerce in the ancient world.

How much of Alexandria is underwater?

The site now lies underwater, near the seafront of modern Alexandria, at a depth of approximately five metres (16 ft).


Part ofAlexandria Port
Length300 metres (980 ft)
Area500 ha (1,200 acres)

Is Alexandria underwater?

Perhaps most significant, he has found that much of ancient Alexandria sank beneath the waves and remains remarkably intact.

How did ancient Alexandria fall?

French troops stormed the city on July 2, 1798 and it remained in their hands until the British victory at the Battle of Alexandria on March 21, 1801, following which the British besieged the city which fell to them on 2 September 1801.

Have we found the Library of Alexandria?

Archaeologists have found what they believe to be the site of the Library of Alexandria, often described as the world’s first major seat of learning. A Polish-Egyptian team has excavated parts of the Bruchion region of the Mediterranean city and discovered what look like lecture halls or auditoria.

Why is ancient Alexandria underwater?

The ancient underwater ruins of Cleopatra sunk into the sea more than 1500 years ago. Historians believe that things like earthquakes and tidal waves caused the downfall of Cleopatra’s palace.

What remains of ancient Alexandria?

The modern city, built on the rubble of the city of Alexander the Great and his successors the Ptolemies, still displays excavated remains and the sea near the coast still conceals a considerable amount of architectural elements, statues which sometimes are colossal, great blocks of stones, marble or granite, all

Is the Lighthouse of Alexandria Real?

sandrěːaːs]), was a lighthouse built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (280–247 BC). It has been estimated to have been at least 100 metres (330 ft) in overall height.